SYSTEMS & PATTERNS
yearly sequence and spatial arrangement of crops and
fallow on a given area.
cropping pattern used on a farm and its interactions
with farm resources, other farm enterprises, and available
technology which determine their makeup.
pattern which involve the raising of crops, animals
and or trees.
of the important methods of intensive cropping, allowing
the stubbles of the original crop to strike again after
harvesting and to raise another crop.
mulch crop production involves planting a food crop
directly into a living cover of an established cover
crop without tillage or the destruction of the fallow
of two or more crops simultaneously and intermingled
without row arrangements, where there is significant
amount of intercrop competition.
of two or more crops simultaneously in alternate rows
or otherwise in the same area, where there is significant
amount of inter crop competition.
Advantages of intercropping are
a)greater stability of yield over different seasons,
b) better use of growth resources,
c) better control of weeds, pests and diseases,
d) one crop provides physical support to the other
e) one crop provides shelter to the other crop,
f) erosion control through providing continuous leaf
cover over the ground surface, and g) it is the small
farmers of limited means who is most likely to benefit.
some disadvantages as well,as for eg.
a)yield decrease because of adverse competition effect,
c)creates obstruction in the free use of machines for
intercultural operations and
d)large farmers with adequate resources may likely to
get less benefit out of intercropping.
is inter planting or inter sowing of seeds/seedlings
of the following crop in the preceding/maturing crop.
is defined as the growing of more than one crop on the
same land in one year.
are some other terms related to multiple cropping are
cropping-One crop variety grown alone
in pure stands at normal density. Also known as solid
repetitive growing of the same sole crop on the same
repetitive cultivation of an ordered succession of crops
or crops and fallow on the same land.